Island Information and the History of Fehmarn
Fehmarn - in the Middle of the Sea

Fehmarn is Schleswig-Holstein's only island in the Baltic. It is also a city in Schleswig-Holstein following the merging of all the island's municipalities in 2003. Covering an area of 185 square kilometres, Fehmarn is Germany's third largest island and the second largest city in Schleswig-Holstein.

The island's name can be traced back to the Slavic word "fe mer", which means "lying in the sea". As part of the "Vogelfluglinie", the direct transport corridor between the greater Copenhagen and Hamburg areas, Fehmarn has been linked by the Fehmarn Sound Bridge in the south to the Schleswig-Holstein mainland since 1963. There is also 19-kilometre ferry route from Puttgarden in the north of Fehmarn to Rödby in Denmark. Staberhuk in Fehmarn marks the most easterly point and Marienleuchte the most northerly point in Schleswig-Holstein. Approximately 2,200 hours of sunshine per year make the home of the "Fehmarners" into one of Germany's sunniest regions. The mild bracing climate encourages some 2.5 million tourists to spend a holiday on the island.

Golden Crown in the Blue Sea

On 3 May 1580, Fehmarn under the authority of Duke Johann the Elder was awarded the armorial flag as it appears today by the Danish King Frederik II. It is flown to this day outside many houses on Fehmarn.

It features a golden crown on a lavender blue background and refers to the House of Oldenburg, which was and still is the basis of the Danish royal family.

There are historical accounts of a crown on a blue background dating back to the year 1349. For many, the crown symbolizes the fertile soil on the island of Fehmarn, while the blue background represents the sea.